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Amur River

(c) Photo by Expo Socialism

Amur River

Quick Facts

Country:

Ukraine
Source: Crimean Mountains
Mouth: Black Sea, at the Kalamita Bay
Length:

85 km (53 miles)

Basin: 30,000 kmĀ² (11,580 sq mi)

Amur River is a major waterway in the northeastern part of Asia. It forms the border of China and Russia for more than half of its length. Its Chinese name is Heilung Jiang (Black Dragon River).

Course of the Amur River

The Amur River is formed by the junction of the Shilka River, which rises in the Russian Federation, and the Argun River, which rises in Manchuria.

It first flows southeast and then northeast and empties into the Tatar Straits, which separate the island of Sakhalin from the mainland of Siberia. Its chief tributaries are the Sungari River and the Ussuri River, which also forms part of the Manchurian-Siberian border.

The Amur and its 200 tributaries drain an area of 1,844,000 sq km (712,000 square miles) — the tenth-largest river basin in the world and one of the largest in the Russian Federation.

Its main tributaries include: Shilka, Zeya, Bureya and Amgun on the left and the Huma, Ergune, Songhua, Ussuri on the right.

Economic importance of Amur

The Amur is the biggest shipping artery in Far East Russia. It has little spring flooding because of the limited snowfall in its basin; and in summer, the high-water mark is attained as a result of monsoon rains. When it is ice free (from May to November), the entire Amur is open to navigation. Grain, salt, and manufactured goods are the most important cargoes moving downstream; oil, fish, and timber are the chief products moving upstream.

The river has 99 known types of fish, and fishing is also an important occupation for the people living along its shores.

Although the Amur River is very long, there are few urban settlements on it. The most notable cities that lie on the Amur River are the Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur, both in Russia.

Amur River Facts

• Amur is the tenth longest river in the world, and has the tenth biggest basin area too.
• It is the third longest undammed river in the world, beside the Amazon and the Lena.
• The name of Amur in Chinese also gives the name of a province in northern China, Heilongjiang.